Lift the hands to the levels of ears making the Takbeer, which is the start of prayers. The Takbeer is saying “Allahu Akbar,” meaning “God is greater” (than anybody and anything).
With the right hand over the left hand, above the belly button, by recite Al-Fati’ha (The Opening), the first Sura (Chapter) of the Holy Quran, as follows:
1. 1. In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Bissmilah irra’hman irra’heem
1. 2. Praise be to Allah , Lord of the Worlds
Al’hamdu lilahi rabbil ‘alameen
1. 3. The Beneficent, the Merciful
1.4. Owner of the Day of Judgment
Maliki yawm iddeen
1. 5. You ( alone ) we worship, You (alone) we ask for help
Iyaka na’abudu wa iyaka nassta’een
1. 6. Guide us (to) the straight path
Ihdinas siratal musstaqeem
1. 7. The path of those whom You have blessed, not (the path of) those who earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray
Siratala dheena ana’amta ‘alayhim
Gharil maghdhoobi ‘alayhim
3. Next a few verses or a short Sura (chapter) from the last (30th) Part of the Holy Qur’an are recited (see some examples below).
Some small Surahs (or Surat) that can be recited during prayer include: Surat An-Nas (114), Surat Al-Falaq (113), Surat Al Kawthar (108) and Surat Al-Ikhlas (112) (Surat Al-Ikhlas below)
Bismila hir ra’hma nir ra’heem (In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful)
1. Qul hu allahu a’had (Say He is Allah, the one)
2. Allahus Samad (Allah, the Eternal)
3. Lam yalid wa lam youlad (He did not give birth nor was He born)
4. Wa lam yakun lahu kufwan a’had (And there has never been anyone equal to Him
4. Rukou’a (Bowing down)
A Muslim makes Rukou’a, making Takbeer first (saying Allahu Akbar), then bowing down with hands over the knees and the back is parallel to the floor. Then, he/she makes Tasbee’h, saying:
Sub’hana rabiyal adheem (Praise to my Lord, the Great): 3 times in Rukou’ – bowing
5. Standing for ‘Hamd (Praising Allah)
After Rukou’, a Muslim stands upright saying:
Sami’a Allahu liman ‘hamidah (Allah listens to whoever praises Him): Once
6. Sujoud (Prostration)
A Muslim makes sujoud, by making Takbeer first (saying Allahu Akbar, then going all the way down to the floor, prostrating himself/herself.
Eight body areas have to touch the floor in Sujoud (prostration). These are the forehead, nose, hand palms, the two knees, and the tiptoes of the two feet.
Once the soujoud is made, a Muslim makes the Sujoud Tasbeeh, saying:
Sub’hana rabiyal ‘ala (Praise to my Lord, the Highest): 3 times in Sujoud (in prostration)
Then, the worshipper lifts his/her head while sitting on the floor, then goes down to perform another Sujoud.
By performing the above ten steps, a Muslim completes one Raka’a, or a prayer unit.
Then, he/she stands up to perform the second Raka’a, repeating the above ten steps.
After performing the Sujoud (prostration) of the second Raka’a (prayer unit), he/she sits down on the floor reciting Al-Tashahud (The Proclamation and Bear Witnessing), at the end of which he/she makes greetings to both directions, starting with the right, then the left
Al-Tashahud (pronounced At Tashahud) is recited fully when a worshipper is praying two Raka’as only, such as in the case of Al-Fajr (Dawn) prayer. However, in the rest of the required prayers, which include more than two Raka’as, Al-Tashahud is recited in two ways. After the first two Raka’a, the worshipper recites only the first part of Al-Tashahud but he/she recites it fully at the end of the last Raka’a (last prayer unit).
Transliteration of Al-Tashahud:
At ta’hiyatu, al mubarakatu, wassala watu at tayibatu, lilah
Assalamu ‘alayka ayuha anabiyu wa ra’hmatul lahi wa barakatuh
Assalamu ‘alayna wa ‘ala ‘ibadil lahis sali’heen
Ash hadu alla ilaha illal lah
Wa ash hadu anna muhammadan rassoulul lah
Allahumma salli ‘ala muhammadin, wa ‘ala aali muhammad
Kama salayta ‘ala ibrahima, wa ‘ala aali ibrahim
Wa barik ‘ala muhammadin, wa ‘ala aali muhammad
Kama barakta ‘ala ibrahima, wa ‘ala aali ibrahim
Innaka ‘hameedun majeed
Ending prayer with greetings to the right, then to the left saying:
Assalamu ‘alaykum wa ra’hmatul lahi wabarakatuh
All reverence, all worship, all sanctity are due to God.
Peace be upon you, O prophet and the mercy of God and His blessings.
Peace be upon us all and on the righteous servants of God.
I bear witness that there is no god but God alone,
And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.
O God! Exalt Muhammad and the people of Muhammad,
As You did exalt Abraham and the people of Abraham.
And bless Muhammad and the people of Muhammad
As You did bless Abraham and the people of Abraham
Indeed You are praiseworthy, and glorious.
(Then, the prayer is completed by saying the greetings to those on the right and to those on the left):
Peace of Allah be upon you, His mercy, and His blessings (to the right side)
Peace of Allah be upon you, His mercy, and His blessings (to the the left side)
End of Prayer.
After Prayer, Tasbeeh is recommended, but not required:
Tasbee’h (words of praise to God said after prayer)
Sub’hana Allah (Praise to Allah): 33 times *
Al’hamdu lilah (Thanks to Allah): 33 times
Allahu akbar (Allah is Greater): 33 times
The number of times each Tasbee’h can be said is dependent on a person’s time and circumstances, it can be more or less than the recommended number of 33 mentioned above.
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